Design and implementation of sustainable development programs using permaculture as a guiding methodology

Trade Agreements For Turkey

It describes the bilateral and multilateral trade agreements to which that country belongs, including with the United States. Includes websites and other resources that allow U.S. companies to get more information about how they can use these agreements. The provisions on the protection of intellectual property rights (Chapter 4 and Appendix XX) include trademarks, copyrights, patents and geographical indications and include provisions relating to respect for intellectual property rights and cooperation between the parties. They are based on the WTO agreement on trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights (TRIPS) and provide a high level of protection, taking into account the principles of the most favoured nation and national treatment. Turkey is a member of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (Euromed) and should therefore conclude free trade agreements with all other Mediterranean partners in order to create a Euro-Mediterranean free trade area. The agreement contains detailed provisions on trade facilitation (Annex VI), including certain elements of the WTO. The agreement covers trade in all fish and other seafood (Article 4 and Appendix II). THE EFTA states and Turkey grant duty-free access to imports of all fish and seafood. Turkey, a party to the 1947 General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO) since 1995, implements free trade agreements in accordance with Article XXIV of the 1947 GATT. Under this article, Turkey could give its trading partners more favourable treatment within the framework of a customs union or free trade area, without extending this treatment to all WTO members, subject to certain conditions. In Chapter 6, the parties recognize that anti-competitive trade practices have the potential to undermine the effects of liberalization. They stress the importance of cooperation and consultation on the application of competition law.

In addition, the chapter provides the contracting parties with the opportunity to take appropriate action where anti-competitive practice continues to affect trade despite previous cooperation and consultation. Priority is given to measures that least affect the operation of this agreement. The Turkey-EU customs union has eliminated tariffs, quantitative restrictions and measures of equivalent effect in trade in industrial products to ensure the free movement of goods. As a result of the customs union, Turkey has opened its internal market to competition in the EU and third countries, while guaranteeing its exporters free access to the EU market. In addition, Turkey is committed to adapting to the preferential regimes that the EU applies to third countries and to harmonising its legislation with the EU acquis in a wide range of areas, including technical standards and regulations, as well as competition policy.

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