Design and implementation of sustainable development programs using permaculture as a guiding methodology

Jbnqa Complementary Agreements

However, more than thirty modifier agreements, ancillary agreements and relevant laws illustrate the complex and dynamic nature of the Agreement. In 1984, the Canadian Parliament kept its promise of Aboriginal autonomy and adopted the Cree-Naskapi (Quebec), the first of its kind in the country (see Indigenous Self-Government in Canada). Naskapi joined the JBNQA in 1978 by signing the Northeast Accord of Quebec. The JBNQA and NEQA were the first land-use agreements signed in modern times between the governments of Quebec and Canada and the Aborigines. These agreements contain components of self-management and lay the groundwork for a new relationship between the Cree, Inuit, Naskapi and the Government of Canada. The area covered by the JBNQA and THE NEQA covers more than one million square kilometres of land in Quebec, between the 48th and 62nd parallels. It was once part of a larger federal territory known as Ruperts Land, from which two long distances were transferred to Quebec in 1898 and 1912. In 2008-2010, INAC provided $2,367,400 to the Avataq Cultural Institute for tuition and educational funding agreements, in particular the Post-Secondary Assistance Program (PSSSP) and the Cultural Centres and Education Centres Program. Dispute resolution mechanisms are included in the two implementation agreements with Naskapi and the Inuit (NEQA and JBNQA) and in the New Relationship Agreement with cree. Parties may use dispute resolution mechanisms to resolve or as stated issues relating to the interpretation, management or implementation of the JBNQA and NEQA.

These mechanisms are usually initiated by a two- or three-part consultation phase. If a satisfactory solution is not found for all parties to the dispute, a mediation procedure and a possible arbitration procedure will follow in the initial phase. The James Bay and Northern Quebec agreement was amended by about 20 other agreements on the implementation and terms of the original agreement, as well as by the extension of its provisions. In addition, the Constitution Act of 1982 enshrined in the Constitution of Canada all rights granted in treaties and fonal claims enacted prior to 1982 and confers on the rights enshrined in the original agreement the status of constitutional rights. Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) offers Inuit programs through the Quebec Housing Corporation (SHQ) under federal-provincial cost-sharing agreements. The SHQ provides and manages these programs. In 2008-2010, cmhc made $114,831,300 available to the SHQ for Inuit in Nunavik. The James Bay Agreement addresses a number of issues and is the first Canadian-indigenous treaty since the 1920s to have few similarities to previous treaties, but it has become the prototype of the many agreements reached since then. It has defined a number of provisions, mainly in the following areas: Canada`s Aboriginal Strategy for Human Resources Development (AHRDS) of Human Resources and Skills Development (HRSDC) allows Quebec organizations that have signed Aboriginal human resources development agreements to implement their own labour market programs that promote the integration of their clients into employment.

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